Easy Guide to Growing Psychedelic Mushrooms in a Bag at Home

Easy Guide to Growing Psychedelic Mushrooms in a Bag at Home

Are you interested in growing your own psychedelic mushrooms at home? Whether you’re a beginner or have some experience with mushroom cultivation, this comprehensive guide will walk you through the step-by-step process of growing your own batch of homegrown mushrooms. Using the convenient and user-friendly bag cultivation method, you’ll be able to enjoy the exciting and rewarding experience of growing your own mushrooms in no time.

Table of Contents

Key Takeaways

  • Bag cultivation is a convenient and user-friendly method for growing psychedelic mushrooms at home.
  • This guide provides all the necessary information to successfully grow your own batch of homegrown mushrooms.
  • Understanding the different varieties of psychedelic mushrooms and the optimal growing conditions is essential for successful cultivation.
  • The right mushroom strain, essential supplies, and proper substrate preparation are crucial for healthy mushroom growth.
  • Monitoring the colonization process and maintaining the ideal growing conditions is key for preventing contamination and maximizing your chances of a successful harvest.

Understanding Psychedelic Mushrooms and their Cultivation

Before embarking on the journey of growing psychedelic mushrooms, it is essential to understand the different varieties and the optimal growing conditions for them.

Psychedelic Mushroom Varieties

Psychedelic mushrooms come in various varieties, each with its unique characteristics. Some of the most popular strains include:

Strain Name


Psilocybe cubensis

Most widely cultivated, mild to moderate potency

Psilocybe semilanceata

Also known as “Liberty Caps,” high potency

Psilocybe azurescens

One of the strongest strains, slow-growing

There are also many other varieties available, each with its unique characteristics and potency levels.

Mushroom Cultivation

The cultivation of psychedelic mushrooms requires careful attention to growing conditions. The optimal temperature for growth is between 70-80 degrees Fahrenheit, with humidity levels around 90%. Proper lighting is also critical for optimal growth.

The substrate, or growing medium, is also an essential component of the cultivation process. Some substrates include brown rice flour, vermiculite, and straw.

The sterile environment is crucial for successful mushroom cultivation. The use of sterilization techniques, such as pressure cooking or the use of a flow hood, is recommended to prevent contamination and ensure healthy growth.

By understanding the different varieties and optimal growing conditions for psychedelic mushrooms, you can cultivate a successful batch of homegrown mushrooms.

Types of Cultivation Methods for Psychedelic Mushrooms

Psychedelic mushrooms can be cultivated using various methods, but bag cultivation is a popular and effective technique for home growers. This method involves preparing a substrate in a sterilized bag, inoculating it with mushroom spores, and allowing it to colonize and grow within the bag. In this section, we will delve deeper into the process of bag cultivation and the important steps involved in successful cultivation.

Preparing the Substrate for Bag Cultivation

The substrate is the material that provides the nutrients for the mushrooms to grow. To prepare the substrate for bag cultivation, you will need the following:

  • Organic brown rice flour
  • Vermiculite
  • Water
  • Large stock pot
  • Measuring cups and spoons
  • Mixing bowl
  • Substrate bags

To mix the substrate, follow these steps:

  1. Add 2 cups of vermiculite and 1 cup of organic brown rice flour to a mixing bowl.
  2. Add 1 cup of water to the mixture and mix thoroughly until the substrate is evenly moistened.
  3. Place the substrate mixture into the sterilized substrate bags, filling each bag to about two-thirds full.
  4. Fold the top of the bag over and secure it with a paper clip or binder clip.

Sterilization Techniques

Sterilization is a crucial step in bag cultivation, as it eliminates any unwanted bacteria or contaminants that could hinder mushroom growth. There are several sterilization techniques available, including:

  1. Pressure cooker sterilization: This involves placing the substrate bags in a pressure cooker and heating them to a high temperature for a set period of time, typically around 90 minutes. This method is highly effective but requires specialized equipment.
  2. Steam sterilization: This method involves placing the substrate bags in a large pot and steaming them for a set period of time, typically around 120 minutes. This method is less effective than pressure cooker sterilization, but it is a good alternative for those without access to a pressure cooker.
  3. Microwave sterilization: This method involves microwaving the substrate bags for a short period of time, typically around 3-5 minutes. This method is the least effective of the three and can be risky, as it may not eliminate all contaminants.

Bag Cultivation

Once the substrate bags have been sterilized and cooled, they are ready for inoculation. This involves introducing mushroom spores into the substrate bags, which will colonize and grow into mushrooms. There are two common methods of spore inoculation:

  1. Spore syringe inoculation: This method involves injecting a spore syringe into the substrate bags, distributing the spores evenly throughout the substrate. This method is precise and efficient, but it requires a spore syringe and some skill.
  2. Open-air inoculation: This method involves opening the substrate bag and sprinkling the spores onto the substrate, before resealing the bag. This method is less precise than spore syringe inoculation, but it requires minimal equipment or skill.

After inoculation, the substrate bags should be kept in a warm and dark environment to allow for colonization. It typically takes around 2-4 weeks for the mycelium to fully colonize the substrate, at which point the mushrooms will begin to grow. Maintaining proper temperature and humidity levels is important throughout the entire cultivation process, as it helps to ensure healthy growth and prevent contamination.

Choosing the Right Mushroom Strain for Bag Cultivation

Choosing the right mushroom strain is critical for successful bag cultivation. Different strains have different characteristics, potency, and growth requirements, making it essential to choose a strain that is compatible with the bag cultivation method.

Understanding Mushroom Strains

There are many different types of psychedelic mushrooms, each with its unique characteristics and effects. Some of the most popular strains include:

Strain Name



Growth Difficulty

Psilocybe cubensis

Golden brown cap with white stem



Psilocybe atlantis

Brown cap with blue hue and white stem



Psilocybe azurescens

Dark brown cap with caramel stem

Very high


It’s important to select a strain that is compatible with bag cultivation. Strains that require a substrate other than grain are not suitable for this method. Psilocybe cubensis is the most common strain used for bag cultivation due to its compatibility with grain-based substrates.

Growth Compatibility

When selecting a strain, it’s essential to consider its growth compatibility with the bag cultivation method. Strains that are known to produce larger fruiting bodies may not be ideal for bag cultivation, as there is limited space for growth within the bag. Strains with shorter fruiting bodies are better suited for this method, as they can more easily fit within the confines of the bag.

Ultimately, the strain you choose will depend on your personal preferences and growing experience. It’s essential to research and carefully consider the characteristics and growth requirements of each strain before making your final decision.

Gathering the Essential Supplies for Bag Cultivation

Before you begin growing your own psychedelic mushrooms in a bag at home, it’s important to gather all the necessary supplies. Here is a comprehensive list of mushroom cultivation supplies and bag growing equipment you will need:

Mushroom Cultivation Supplies

Bag Growing Equipment

  • Mushroom spores or spawn
  • Substrate mix (vermiculite, brown rice flour, and water)
  • Measuring cup and spoon
  • Micropore tape or polyfill
  • Pressure cooker or large pot for sterilization
  • Syringes for spore injection
  • Spray bottle for misting
  • Large sealable plastic bags (1-2 gallons)
  • Aluminum foil
  • Bucket or large container
  • Heat mat (optional)
  • Thermometer
  • Hygrometer

With these essential supplies in hand, you are ready to start preparing your substrate and inoculating it with mushroom spores. Make sure to follow our guide closely for best results!

Preparing the Substrate for Bag Cultivation

The substrate is the material that provides the nutrients for your mushrooms to grow. Preparing the substrate mix is a crucial step in the bag cultivation process and requires attention to detail to ensure the best possible conditions for growth.

Ingredients for Substrate Mix

The ingredients for the substrate mix can vary depending on the strain of mushroom you are growing. However, most substrate mixes contain a combination of:

  • Organic brown rice flour
  • Vermiculite
  • Water

The proportion of each ingredient can also vary, but a common ratio is:



Organic brown rice flour

2 parts


1 part


1 part

Make sure to use quality ingredients to ensure optimal growth conditions for your mushrooms.

Preparing the Substrate Mix

1. In a large mixing bowl, mix together the organic brown rice flour and vermiculite.

2. Add water to the mixture and stir until the substrate mix is evenly moistened.

3. The substrate mix should be moist and not too wet. If it’s too dry, add a little water. If it’s too wet, add a little more vermiculite.

4. Fill the substrate mixture into the autoclave bags and sterilize according to the instructions.

Bag Cultivation Preparation

Before inoculating the substrate, the bags must be prepared for cultivation. Here are the steps to prepare the bags:

  1. Cut a small hole in the corner of the bag for air exchange.
  2. Seal the hole with micropore tape to prevent contamination.
  3. Put the bags into the pressure cooker and sterilize according to the instructions.

Once the substrate mix and bags are prepared, you are ready to inoculate the bags with mushroom spores in the next step of the cultivation process!

Inoculating the Substrate with Mushroom Spores

Now that you have prepared your substrate, it’s time to inoculate it with mushroom spores. Inoculation is the process of introducing the spores to the substrate, where they will begin to grow and colonize.

There are several methods of inoculation, but one of the most popular and effective is spore syringe inoculation. This involves injecting a spore-filled syringe directly into the substrate.

Tip: Ensure all equipment is sterilized before inoculation to prevent contamination.

Here’s how to perform spore syringe inoculation:

  1. Heat the needle of the syringe until it turns red hot, then allow it to cool and wipe it with an alcohol swab to ensure it’s sterile.
  2. Shake the spore syringe well to ensure the spores are evenly distributed.
  3. Inject the spores into the substrate by inserting the needle at an angle and pushing the plunger to release the spores.
  4. Cover the injection hole with tape or an injection port to prevent contamination.

Another method of inoculation is the mushroom spore inoculation. In this method, the spores are dropped directly onto the substrate’s surface.

Tip: Ensure the substrate is moist and compact to provide a suitable environment for spore growth.

Here’s how to perform mushroom spore inoculation:

  1. Open the spore vial and tap a small amount of spores onto the substrate’s surface.
  2. Spread the spores evenly over the substrate using a sterilized instrument, such as a scalpel or spoon.
  3. Cover the substrate with a layer of vermiculite or another sterile material to prevent contamination.

Whether you choose spore syringe or mushroom spore inoculation, be patient and monitor the substrate’s progress. Within a few weeks, you should see mycelium growth and the colonization process beginning.

Maintaining the Ideal Growing Conditions for Your Mushrooms

Once your substrate is inoculated with mushroom spores, it is crucial to maintain the proper growing conditions for a successful harvest.

Temperature Control

The optimal temperature for growing psychedelic mushrooms is between 70°F to 75°F (21°C to 24°C). It’s important to keep the temperature stable to prevent stress on the mycelium growth, which could lead to contamination or a reduced yield.

Depending on your setup, you may need to use a space heater or air conditioner to maintain the desired temperature. Alternatively, you can use a heating pad or a heat lamp to warm up the growing area.

Humidity Control

Maintaining proper humidity levels is crucial for healthy mushroom growth. The ideal humidity level for psychedelic mushrooms is between 90% to 95%.

To maintain high humidity levels, you can use a humidifier or mist the grow bag with sterilized water. Covering the bag with a plastic dome or using a humidity tent can also help regulate moisture levels.

Monitoring and Adjusting Conditions

It’s important to monitor the temperature and humidity levels regularly to ensure they remain within the desired range. You can use a thermometer and a hygrometer to measure the temperature and humidity, respectively.

If the temperature or humidity levels are too low or too high, you may need to adjust them accordingly. For example, if the humidity is too low, you can mist the area or increase the surface area of the substrate to allow for more moisture to evaporate.

By maintaining the ideal growing conditions, you can promote healthy mycelium growth and ensure a successful harvest of your homegrown psychedelic mushrooms.

Monitoring the Colonization Process and Preventing Contamination

It is essential to monitor the colonization process of your homegrown mushrooms to ensure their health and prevent contamination. As mentioned in section 7, the substrate should be fully colonized with mycelium before moving on to the fruiting stage.

Colonization monitoring involves regular observation of the substrate for the growth of white, web-like mycelium. It should spread evenly throughout the substrate, indicating healthy growth. If any green or black mold appears, it is a sign of contamination, and the affected area should be removed immediately.

To prevent contamination, it is crucial to maintain a clean environment during the inoculation and colonization process. Always wear gloves and sterilize all equipment and surfaces with a disinfectant.

Note: Contamination is a common issue in mushroom cultivation and can lead to a failed harvest. To avoid contamination, it is recommended to start with a small batch and work on perfecting the process before scaling up.

If you suspect contamination, take immediate action to prevent further spread. Remove the affected area, sterilize the equipment and substrate, and monitor closely for any reoccurrence.

Harvesting and Drying Your Homegrown Psychedelic Mushrooms

After weeks of waiting and closely monitoring the colonization process, it’s finally time to harvest your homegrown psychedelic mushrooms. The harvesting process is relatively straightforward, but there are a few important factors to keep in mind to maximize yield and potency.

Harvesting: The best time to harvest your mushrooms is when the caps have fully opened but have not yet begun to curl upwards. Use clean scissors or a sharp knife to cut the mushrooms close to the base of the stem. Be sure to avoid touching the mushrooms with your bare hands as they are still susceptible to contamination.

Drying Techniques: Drying your mushrooms is the next step in the harvesting process. Proper drying techniques are essential to preserve potency and prevent mold growth. Here are a few effective methods:

  1. Air Drying: Spread your harvested mushrooms out on a clean, dry surface and allow them to air dry in a well-ventilated area. This can take several days to a week, depending on the humidity levels in your environment.
  2. Dehydrator: If you have a food dehydrator, this is a convenient and efficient way to dry your mushrooms. Set the temperature to around 120°F and leave the mushrooms to dry for 12-24 hours.
  3. Silica Gel: Place your mushrooms in a sealed container with silica gel packets, which will absorb moisture and dry out the mushrooms over time. This method takes longer than other techniques but is effective in reducing the risk of mold growth.

After your mushrooms are dry, store them in an airtight container in a cool, dry place until you are ready to consume them. Remember to always start with a low dose and never consume mushrooms if you are unsure of their potency or origin.

“Proper drying techniques are essential to preserve potency and prevent mold growth.”

Safe Consumption and Responsible Use of Psychedelic Mushrooms

Congratulations on successfully growing your own batch of psychedelic mushrooms! As you prepare to consume your harvest, it is essential to approach this experience with caution and responsibility.

The consumption of psychedelic mushrooms can have profound effects on your mind and body, and it’s important to be mindful of dosage and potential risks.

Psychedelic Mushroom Consumption

When consuming psychedelic mushrooms, it’s important to start with a low dosage and gradually increase if necessary. Everyone’s tolerance and sensitivity to psilocybin can vary, so it’s crucial to approach consumption with patience and care.

The effects of psychedelic mushrooms can take anywhere from 20 minutes to 2 hours to kick in, and can last for several hours. During this time, it’s recommended to have a trusted friend or sitter present, in case of any adverse reactions.

Responsible Use

Responsible use of psychedelic mushrooms involves prioritizing your own safety and wellbeing, as well as respecting the experience and those around you.

It’s important to create a comfortable and safe environment, free from any potential stressors or triggers. This can include selecting a quiet and familiar setting, such as your home, and avoiding any activities that could be dangerous or overwhelming, such as driving or operating heavy machinery.

Additionally, it’s important to be aware of the legal risks associated with psychedelic mushroom possession and consumption. In many areas, magic mushrooms are illegal and can result in serious legal consequences.


Growing psychedelic mushrooms in a bag at home can be a fun and fulfilling experience. Through this comprehensive guide, we have provided you with all the necessary knowledge to successfully cultivate your own batch of homegrown mushrooms.


Remember to:

  • Understand the different varieties of psychedelic mushrooms and their ideal growing conditions
  • Select the right mushroom strain for bag cultivation
  • Gather all the necessary supplies before starting the cultivation process
  • Properly prepare the substrate mix for healthy mushroom growth
  • Inoculate the substrate with mushroom spores and maintain the ideal growing conditions
  • Monitor the colonization process and prevent contamination
  • Harvest and dry your homegrown mushrooms using proper techniques
  • Consume psychedelic mushrooms responsibly and prioritize your safety and wellbeing

By following these steps and prioritizing safety, you can embark on a fascinating journey into the world of mycology and enjoy the fruits of your labor.


What are psychedelic mushrooms?

Psychedelic mushrooms, also known as magic mushrooms, are fungi that contain psychoactive compounds like psilocybin and psilocin. When consumed, these compounds can induce altered states of consciousness, hallucinations, and profound spiritual experiences.

Can I grow psychedelic mushrooms at home?

Yes, you can grow psychedelic mushrooms at home using the bag cultivation method. With the right supplies, knowledge, and techniques, you can create an optimal environment for mushroom growth and enjoy a rewarding cultivation experience.

Are psychedelic mushrooms legal?

The legality of psychedelic mushrooms varies by country and jurisdiction. While some countries permit the cultivation and consumption of certain species of mushrooms, others consider them illegal. It is essential to research and understand your local laws and regulations before growing or consuming psychedelic mushrooms.

How long does it take to grow psychedelic mushrooms?

The time required for psychedelic mushrooms to grow varies depending on the species, strain, and growing conditions. Generally, it takes around 2 to 4 weeks for the mushrooms to fully mature after the substrate has been inoculated with spores.

Can I grow different strains of psychedelic mushrooms together in one bag?

It is not recommended to grow different strains of psychedelic mushrooms together in one bag. Different strains may have varied growth requirements, and growing them together can result in competition for resources and suboptimal conditions for mushroom growth.

How do I know if my psychedelic mushrooms are ready to harvest?

Psychedelic mushrooms are ready to harvest when the caps have fully opened and the veil underneath has broken. This is usually indicated by the appearance of spores on the caps. Harvesting at this stage ensures maximum potency and optimal flavor.

What is the best way to store harvested psychedelic mushrooms?

To preserve the potency of harvested psychedelic mushrooms, it is best to dry them thoroughly. You can use a food dehydrator, a fan, or desiccant packets to remove moisture. Once dried, store the mushrooms in an airtight container in a cool, dark place to protect them from moisture and light degradation.

What are the potential risks of consuming psychedelic mushrooms?

While psychedelic mushrooms can offer profound and transformative experiences, they also come with potential risks. These risks include adverse psychological reactions, unpredictable behavior, and the possibility of triggering underlying mental health conditions. It is important to approach their consumption with caution and in a responsible manner.

How should I consume psychedelic mushrooms?

Psychedelic mushrooms can be consumed fresh, dried, or brewed into a tea. The dosage and method of consumption depend on personal preference and experience level. It is advisable to start with a low dose and gradually increase if desired effects are not achieved.

Are there any contraindications or precautions for consuming psychedelic mushrooms?

Yes, consuming psychedelic mushrooms can have contraindications and precautions. Individuals with a history of mental health disorders, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, should avoid their use. Additionally, certain medications, such as SSRIs, can interact with psychedelic mushrooms and should not be taken together. It is crucial to consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice.